- A centimetre (international spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures symbol cm or centimeter (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one hundredth of a metre, centi being the SI prefix for a factor of
1/100 The centimetre was the base unit of length in the now deprecated centimetre gram second (CGS) system of units.
- The inch
(abbreviation: in or ″) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to ?1/36 yard but usually understood as ?1/12 of a foot. Derived from the Roman uncia ("twelfth"), inch is also sometimes used to translate related units in other measurement systems, usually understood as deriving from the width of the human thumb. Traditional standards for the exact length of an inch have varied in the past, but since the adoption of the international yard during the 1950s and 1960s it has been based on the metric system and defined as exactly 2.54 cm..